Status in VT: Increased by 1,200% (0 to 12 blocks). Greatest increases in Champlain Valley.
Data from other research: No additional data for VT.
Conservation status: State rank S2B
Other atlases: NY: 1,400%; ON: 100%
VT’s role in North American range: VT is at the southern edge of the range.
Causes of change since first Atlas: Discontinuation of DDT use, which interfered with reproduction; ability to nest in urban to remote habitats that provide a sufficient prey base and large trees for nesting.
Management/Monitoring recommendations: No specific recommendations.